Designed and built by Jesuit priest Antonio Sedeño from 1586 to 1587, it is one of the oldest stone fortifications in Intramuros. Began as a circular fort called Nuestra Señora de Guia, renovated in 1953 to join the walls of the city. Fort fell in despair and in 1614, construction began for a new Baluarte which was completed between 1653 and 1663. Resembling an ace of spades, it housed a foundry during the 18th century.
The Baluarte was breached by British forces with cannon fire in 1762. Restored and strengthened after British occupation but was damaged during the 1863 earthquake. It was destroyed during the Battle of Manila in 1945. Restoration began in 1979 and was completed in 1992.
Source - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baluarte_de_San_Diego
Built in 1586 in the shape of an ace of spades, this stone fort now features a bonsai display.
This stone fort was built in 1586 and shaped like an ace-of-spades. In 1979, Presidential Decree No. 1616. MANDATE It is the responsibility of the IA to restore and develop Intramuros, a monument to our Hispanic history. It will ensure that Intramuros' appearance conforms to Philippine-Spanish architecture from the 16th through the 19th centuries. MISSION IA's mission is to preserve and protect the historic and cultural significance and value of Intramuros, while encouraging and guiding the urban development within the city.
This will contribute to strengthening the Filipino nation s sense of belonging and pride. IA sees Intramuros as a model urban location that preserves and sustains people and their lives, while contributing to socio-economic and national heritage. As amended, FUNCTIONS include the ability to formulate, coordinate, or implement policies regarding all programs, projects, and activities of government that affect or relate to Intramuros. This power includes the power of delegating any government official to any specific function or activity.
Initiate and plan the restoration, maintenance, and upkeep of Intramuros' walls including the Sunken Garden, ravelins and moat. Enter into agreements with private persons or agencies, domestic and foreign, to discharge its duties and responsibilities to the development of Intramuros.